Types of Severe Acne

Some forms of acne are so severe that they cannot be cured by conventional means. No amount of cleansing, applications or skin care routines will make them go away. And a few rare types of acne are actually incurable by any means.

Acne Conglobata

One such type of acne is acne conglobata. There is no known cure for it, and it will bother those afflicted with it for the rest of their lives. It most often affects young men, between the ages of 18 and 30.

Signs of this kind of acne include lesions across the entire body, starting at the buttocks and affecting the face, arms, torso and neck. These highly-inflamed sores often come with blackheads as well. And worst of all are the deleterious effects this acne can have on the brain.

This acne requires professional treatment, and even once it goes away it come back suddenly and with no warning whatsoever. There are treatments that can make it bearable, but nothing that will permanently cure it.

Nodulocystic Acne

This form of acne is most commonly identified by raised cysts that form on the skin. They can affect the neck, arms, chest, face and back. The cysts are often very painful, and they can form individually or as clusters.

The cysts themselves are often filled with pus, oil or other liquid. Treatment for these cysts usually involves surgically draining the cysts of their liquid. This leaves behind tender lesions, but they are not nearly as painful or sensitive as the cysts were.

Additional types of treatment include medications and injections. Corticosteroids and antibiotics are known to work well on this type of acne. Typical acne medications do not have a significant effect on the growth of these cysts, and only professional medical treatment seems to work at all.

Acne Fulminans

Those who suffer from this form of acne often have to deal with symptoms that affect their entire body. Beyond the presence of acne, patients often suffer intense fever. They may also experience pain in their joints, similar to arthritis. It most often affects the hip and knee joints, but it can affect others as well. The acne may also be accompanied by ulcers.

Acne fulminans tends to flare up all over the body at once as a severe inflammation. It can be treated with isotretinoin or corticosteroids. This type of acne often forms once acne conglobata has appeared and been treated in an unsuccessful manner.